Retired Boston Celtics forward Cedric Maxwell, left, and former MLB pitcher Al Leiter speak Tuesday with Capitol reporters. Keith M. Phaneuf /
Retired Boston Celtics forward Cedric Maxwell, left, and former MLB pitcher Al Leiter speak Tuesday with Capitol reporters. Keith M. Phaneuf /

Two major sports leagues sent retired stars to the Capitol on Tuesday to urge Connecticut to regulate sports gambling in a way that best preserves the integrity of professional athletics.

Former Boston Celtics forward Cedric Maxwell and Al Leiter, a starting pitcher for two decades from the late 1980s through early 2000s, also advocated for what some term the “integrity fee,” giving professional leagues a share of state betting revenues.

These would be needed, the sports representatives said, to provide the technology and security enhancements that would be absolutely essential if the U.S. Supreme Court gives the green light to legalized sports betting later this spring.

“I think the biggest thing Al and I are thinking about is the integrity of the game,” said Maxwell, a key player on Boston Celtics championship teams in 1981 and 1984, and now a Celtics commentator with WBZ-TV in Boston.

Maxwell, 62, who came to the Capitol on behalf of the National Basketball Association, said no one in professional sports wants a “black eye” from a gambling scandal.

Leiter, 52, who now serves as a studio analyst for the MLB Network and a color commentator for the YES Network, asked reporters to imagine the role Major League Baseball and other major sports franchises might play in a legalized sports betting industry — potentially subject to various regulatory systems in 50 different states.

Baseball and basketball games, not to mention other sports contests, are dominated by key statistics that official scorers manage — and that league websites attempt to update within minutes of decisions being made and actions taking place on the field or the court.

What happens, Leiter asked, when huge dollars are at stake and people are placing bets — in some cases minute-to-minute — responding to one play or another?

“Who’s watching that?” said Leiter, who spent 19 seasons as a left-handed starter for the New York Yankees, the Toronto Blue Jays, Florida Marlins and New York Mets.“It can’t be the wild, wild West.”

“Who might get a rebound? Who might get a steal? Maxwell added. “And if they are using those stats from a third party, then all of a sudden it becomes really flaky. But if it comes from the league, it is going to protect the consumer.”

Leiter said, “There’s a cost to maintaining and making sure there is enough regulation and security of all of this data and where these bets are going with the assumption that this is now going to be legalized sports betting from coast to coast.”

League representatives did not say how much of a fee leagues should receive. West Virginia’s legislature considered an “integrity fee” equal to 1 percent of all sports wagers from state residents, but did not include the fee in the regulatory bill it passed earlier this spring.

Maxwell, whose pro career stretched from 1977 through 1988, recalled how FBI officials briefed NBA players each year on the types of issues they should not discuss before a game to avoid becoming entangled in any illegal gambling scandal.

Close collaboration between professional leagues and government entities not only protects the finances of gamblers. “Some of the rules they’ve talked about, we’ve heard about, are for the protection of the players, the protection of the game, and that’s huge,” Maxwell said.

The legislature’s Finance, Revenue and Bonding Committee approved a bill on April 5 that could launch Connecticut’s own sports betting industry — pending the Supreme Court ruling. It did includes a 0.25 percent “integrity fee.”

A case that could legalize sports betting in all 50 states is currently before the court and a decision is expected by early June.

In the case of Christie v. the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the state of New Jersey is contesting a national law restricting sports betting. At issue is the federal government’s authority to regulate commerce among the states set against rights reserved for states by the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

As part of the regulatory framework set forth in Connecticut’s bill, the state’s casinos, licensed off-track betting facilities and the Connecticut Lottery Corporation all would be authorized to offer sports betting. The Department of Consumer Protection also would have the authority to license new providers.

House Speaker Joe Aresimowicz, D-Berlin, said shortly after the 2018 legislative session opened in early February that  “If the court opens up this extremely popular market to the states, Connecticut should be ready to go from both a regulatory and an operational standpoint.”

Very preliminary fiscal estimates are that the state could gain $40 million to $80 million annually by imposing fees on sports betting, Aresimowicz said back in February.

Keith has spent most of his 31 years as a reporter specializing in state government finances, analyzing such topics as income tax equity, waste in government and the complex funding systems behind Connecticut’s transportation and social services networks. He has been the state finances reporter at CT Mirror since it launched in 2010. Prior to joining CT Mirror Keith was State Capitol bureau chief for The Journal Inquirer of Manchester, a reporter for the Day of New London, and a former contributing writer to The New York Times. Keith is a graduate of and a former journalism instructor at the University of Connecticut.

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