Washington – Connecticut may not be fertile ground for a white supremacist rally like the one that turned violent in Charlottesville, Va., but the state is not immune to hate.
The Southern Poverty Law Center, headquartered in Montgomery, Ala., says there are several active hate groups in the state.
Perhaps the leading white supremacist figure from the state is Kenneth Zrallack, described by the Anti-Defamation League as one of the founders of the White Lives Matter movement, “a small network of hardcore white supremacists with connections to a variety of hate groups.”
Zrallack and his brother Matthew organized the Connecticut “White Wolves” shortly after their graduation from high school in Stratford. In 2004, ADL called the group “a collection of racist skinheads” that “has grown into the largest and most active extremist group in the state,” promoting an ideology espousing hatred of Jews and racial and ethnic minorities.
“Members, though typically young, have been involved in a number of criminal acts in Connecticut and have forged ties with nationally recognized hate groups, including the National Alliance, the Creativity Movement, White Revolution and the Ku Klux Klan,” the ADL said.
The White Wolves seemed to disband after Ken Zrallack was arrested in 2010 and charged with conspiring to sell guns and hand grenades to an FBI informant brokering a deal for a Ku Klux Klan offshoot. A jury acquitted him of those charges.
Zrallack then became one of the very first activists in the White Lives Matter movement in the spring of 2015, the ADL said. That movement was a reaction to the “Black Lives Matter” movement that grew out of frustration at a spate of police killings of black youth.
A chapter of the ACT for America in Cheshire is also considered a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center.
The center said that in the nine years since it was founded by Brigitte Gabriel, ACT, which stands for American Congress for Truth, “has grown into far and away the largest grassroots anti-Muslim group in America.”
The group says it is planning a number of “America First” rallies across the nation on Sept. 9.
The national group has condemned the violence in Charlottesville, which resulted in the death of counter-protester Heather Heyer.
“ACT for America stands squarely with the rights of all Americans to peacefully rally on behalf of their own beliefs, or in opposition to those of others,” Gabriel said. “Heather Heyer was murdered for her beliefs, and we join in sorrow with her family and friends. Her killer will be brought to justice, and while that cannot undo what has been done, it sends a powerful signal to the forces of hate and intolerance that they will be dealt with swiftly and according to the American rule of law.”
The third Connecticut hate group identified by the Southern Poverty Law Center is a black separatist organization known as the “New Black Panther Party for Self-Defense.” The SPLC calls the organization “a virulently racist and anti-Semitic organization whose leaders have encouraged violence against whites, Jews and law enforcement officers.”
Evidence of hate
Connecticut is more likely to hold rallies in support of those who are the targets of hate groups, like it did in the aftermath of the violence in Charlottesville, said Steve Ginsburg, ADL Connecticut regional director.
He said white supremacists are “not a real force” in Connecticut, “but there are people in every state with extremist ideologies” who connect with others over the Internet.
“I don’t think we are ripe to be the next Charlottesville, but I could be wrong,” Ginsburg said.
The state legislature voted unanimously this year to toughen Connecticut’s hate crime laws. But still, there is evidence of hate in the state.
In February, hundreds of printed fliers from a white supremacist group were found on driveways and in mailboxes along the Newtown Turnpike in Weston, Wilton, Westport and Norwalk. The fliers read, “We must secure the existence of our race and a future for white children. Make America White Again.”
There are also dozens of hate crimes reported each year to the state police, a requirement of Connecticut’s hate crime laws.
Reports from 2003 to 2012 show a slight increase in hate crimes, with 166 reported in 2012.
But the FBI says that two-thirds – or more – of these types of crimes go unreported.
Bridgeport author Andy Piascik, who has written about the Ku Klux Klan’s history in Connecticut, said its difficult for the United States to shake off the white supremacist movement.
“The ideology of white supremacy is a central aspect of U.S. history,” he said. “The society was founded on the slavery of African Americans and we live with that legacy today.”
The Ku Klux Klan appeared first in Connecticut in the 1920s, he said, when there was concern about continued immigration of Italians, Poles and Jews from Europe, increasing labor unrest and large socialist and anarchist organizations “who tried to appeal to everyone.”
The latest Klan rallies in the state occurred in the early 1980s, but counter-protesters vastly outnumbered the marchers.
Today, counter-protesters in Connecticut would significantly outnumber the white supremacists who rallied in Charlottesville, Piascik said.
“The sort of KKK-type groups are likely to be small in Connecticut,” Piascik said. “But look at how quickly they came out of the woodwork (in Charlottesville.) They want to announce to the world ‘we are here.’”
Steve Thornton, a retired labor organizer in West Hartford who has written about fascism in America, predicted the violence in Charlottesville “is going to spur more, not fewer, hate crimes.”