The Connecticut State Capitol. Kyle Constable /
The Connecticut State Capitol Kyle Constable /

The tentative concessions deal Gov. Dannel P. Malloy and employee unions were closing in on Monday would double pension contributions for most workers, create a hybrid pension/defined-contribution plan for future workers, and curtail health care benefits for existing retirees.

As more details of the potential deal became available Monday afternoon, it was disclosed that the potential deal would save $712.6 million next fiscal year and $849.4 million in 2018-19 — effectively matching the $1.57 billion, two-year savings target Malloy set in February.

The proposed plan, according to a source, would freeze wages for each of the next two fiscal years. Employees, most of whom are working this fiscal year under a contracts that expired last June, also would forfeit any retroactive pay hike.

The cumulative three-year wage freeze, would provide nearly half of the total projected savings. Workers would receive pay hikes of 3.5 percent in 2020 and in 2021.

In return for these concessions, the state would extend its worker benefits contract — which otherwise would expire in 2022 — until 2027.

Higher pension contributions and a hybrid 401(k)

The potential deal also addresses one of the most criticized portions of the state’s worker benefits package: workers’ pension contributions.

Currently, about three-quarters of the work force contributes 2 percent of pay annually toward their pensions, while the remainder contributes nothing.

The potential deal would add 1.5 percentage points to the contribution rate in July, and another half point in July 2019.

It also would create a new hybrid plan for new workers to take effect immediately if ratified. Though full details were not available, it would include elements of a pension and a 401(k)-style, defined benefit plan.

Participants in this system would have to contribute at least 1 percent of their pay, and the state would have to match that 1 percent.

Only 60 percent of overtime earnings could be applied in benefit calculations under this plan. Currently, all employees’ overtime earnings are applied when pension benefits are calculated.

The tentative deal could produce another surge in worker retirements in the coming years as it seeks to defer cost-of-living adjustments to workers’ pensions.

Most retirees currently receive an adjustment within nine to 15 months after retirement.

This plan would defer COLA changes for at least 18 months for workers who retire prior to July 1, 2022, and for 30 months for all workers who retire after that.

Also, adjustments for workers who retire after that mid-2022 date would be capped in most instances at 2 percent.

Health care changes would affect current retirees

The tentative deal also proposes major changes in retirement health care that would affect both existing workers and current retirees.

All retirees would be moved to a Medicare Advantage Plan.

And workers who retire after June 30, 2022, would share costs on the supplemental portion of Medicare Part B expenses. Currently, the state covers the full cost.

Employees would face larger health insurance premium costs.

The share of premium paid by existing workers would rise from 12 to 15 percent, phased in over the next three years. The premium share for new workers would rise from 12 to 15 percent immediately.

House Minority Leader Themis Klarides, R-Derby, said shortly after more details became available that the potential deal does not save the state enough to warrant the five-year extension of the benefits deal.

“Committing taxpayers, future governors and the next five legislatures to paying for fringe benefits that are unseen anywhere else but in state government —  and a pension system that is collapsing around us as we speak — is unfathomable, ’’ Klarides said. “After months of negotiations, this proposed deal falls short of where we need to be.’’

Though sources say a deal is close, talks are continuing.

“We do not yet have a deal,” Malloy spokeswoman Kelly Donnelly said Monday. She did not offer further comments not on the talks.

Other changes for employees in the tentative deal include:

  • Increasing the emergency room co-payment from $35 to $200.
  • Increasing drug co-payments from $5 to $10 for generics and from $25 to $40 for non-generics.
  • Establishing a drug formulary. This is a list of prescription drugs, set by a committee of physicians and pharmacists, that workers are pressed to use to control costs.

Savings From Preliminary Deal for Concessions
The chart is based on a draft analysis provided by a source.
FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2020 FY 2021 FY 2022
Wage Concessions $347.6 million $385.2 million $509.6 million $509.6 million $509.6 million
Employees health $69.6 million $73.3 million $78.9 million $84.5 million $90.1 million
Retiree health $81.6 million $146.7 million $136.7 million $150 million $151.9 million
Pensions $197.8 million $234.2 million $278.7 million $299.9 million $317.9 million
Other $16 million $10 million 0 0 0
Total $712.6 million $849.4 million $1,003.9 million $1,043 million $1,068.5 million

Keith has spent most of his 31 years as a reporter specializing in state government finances, analyzing such topics as income tax equity, waste in government and the complex funding systems behind Connecticut’s transportation and social services networks. He has been the state finances reporter at CT Mirror since it launched in 2010. Prior to joining CT Mirror Keith was State Capitol bureau chief for The Journal Inquirer of Manchester, a reporter for the Day of New London, and a former contributing writer to The New York Times. Keith is a graduate of and a former journalism instructor at the University of Connecticut.

Mark is the Capitol Bureau Chief and a co-founder of CT Mirror. He is a frequent contributor to WNPR, a former state politics writer for The Hartford Courant and Journal Inquirer, and contributor for The New York Times.

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