The I-84 and Rt. 8 interchange in Waterbury, known as the "mixmaster." CT DOT
From left, Gov. Dannel P. Malloy, transportation Commissioner James Redeker and Don Shubert, head of the Connecticut Construction Industry Association. keith m. phaneuf /

Gov. Dannel P. Malloy continued to set the stage Wednesday for a landmark 2018 transportation finance debate, outlining nearly 400 capital projects worth $4.3 billion that would be suspended over the next five years because of inadequate funding.

The alternative to deferring upgrades to the elevated section of Interstate 84 in Hartford, the “Mixmaster” junction of I-84 and Route 8 in Waterbury and hundreds of other priorities. the governor and other advocates argued, is for legislators to dedicate more resources to a Special Transportation Fund on the fast track to insolvency.

“If Connecticut does not take the necessary action to allow us to restart these vital projects, not only will it put the state’s infrastructure into a further state of disrepair, it will hurt our economy,” Malloy said during an afternoon press conference at the state office building on Columbus Boulevard.

The governor, who has refused to say whether he will recommend tolls, gasoline tax hikes, or other revenue-raising measures when he presents his next budget to the legislature on Feb. 7, continued to play his cards close to the chest Wednesday.

“The plan will be announced when it is announced,” the governor said, later qualifying that to say it would be released before the end of January.

But he did hint he would consider an incremental approach and possibly recommend extra funding to sustain the transportation program for a few years — as opposed to decades.

“I’m trying to gauge the legislature’s appetite to do the right thing,” Malloy said. And in a legislative election year, a more modest proposal might attract more support than a major revenue ask from motorists.

Department of Transportation Commissioner James Redeker said his agency already has suspended eight projects with a projected collective cost of $27 million.

Another four projects costing a total of $277 million — including an upgrade for the Charter Oak Bridge linking Interstate 91 with I-84 and Route 15 — would fall into limbo in April.

About 133 projects costing $1.1 billion are projected to be indefinitely on hold — absent more funding — when the current, two-year budget cycle ends in June 2019, Redeker said.

The I-84 and Rt. 8 interchange in Waterbury. CT DOT

And Malloy also said capital projects aren’t the only part of the transportation program that are at risk.

Redeker said bus and rail fares could increase this calendar year, and preparations for February public hearings on these matters need to begin as soon as next week.

The DOT also has warned that it may need to reduce service on the entire Shoreline East rail line and weekend service on MetroNorth’s Danbury and Waterbury lines.

But the head of the Connecticut Construction Industry Association, Don Shubert, said a major contraction in the state’s transportation program could cause hard-to-reverse damage to a construction industry already in retreat.

“The construction industry is not geared up for fits and starts,” Shubert said, adding that Connecticut already has 1,000 fewer construction jobs than it had one year ago, and employers are struggling to overcome a “skills gap” with the workers they can find.

If the state dramatically curtails transportation construction, “We can’t just snap our fingers and get started right away,” even if legislators then reverse that situation.

Connecticut already has lost construction workers to competing industries in New York and Massachusetts, he said, adding that local contractors also are looking at moving their businesses elsewhere.

Despite that threat, Rep. Tony Guerrera, D-Rocky Hill, House chair of the legislature’s Transportation Committee and an ardent supporter of restoring tolls, declined to predict whether legislators would support this revenue-raising option — or any other — in a state election year.

“It’s going to take a lot of will,” Guerrera said, predicting transportation advocates would press hard for action this year. “We were voted in to do what’s right. … Let’s put it this way: What’s the alternative?”

Rep. Tony Guerrera, D-Rocky Hill Keith M. Phaneuf /

Senate Republican leader Len Fasano of North Haven said Wednesday that Malloy should not be surprised by the transportation fund’s fiscal woes, saying the governor and Democratic majorities in the legislature diverted funds away from transportation on several occasions between 2012 and 2015.

“Now, Governor Malloy and Democrats are trying to use the problem they created to force the legislature to approve new taxes and more burdens on commuters,” Fasano added. “That has been their game plan all along.”

The governor said the state continues to do basic maintenance on roads, bridges and rail lines, but ultimately, a lack of funding will affect all aspects of the transportation program.

“Bridges fall down. It happened once in Connecticut,” Malloy said in a reference to the 1983 collapse of the Interstate 95 bridge over the Mianus River, which claimed the lives of three motorists.

“How long is the Mixmaster going to stand up?” he said. “How long is 84 in Hartford going to stand up?”

The Malloy administration warned Wall Street credit rating agencies in November that the new state budget short-changes the transportation program. Absent more funding, that program is headed for dramatic contraction over the next five years.

The Special Transportation Fund, which holds about $1.51 billion this fiscal year, represents about 7 percent of the overall budget. It chiefly is used to cover debt payments on transportation-related borrowing and Department of Transportation operations.

The administration says the existing transportation program is headed for a series of annual deficits starting with the fiscal year that begins July 1, and would reach insolvency by mid-2020.

Growth in gasoline tax receipts has been meager for much of the past decade, in part because of improving vehicle efficiency.

Meanwhile, debt costs on transportation bonds –involving both outstanding debt and anticipated borrowing in the next few years — are not slowing down as Connecticut tries to reverse decades of deferred maintenance and other infrastructure investment.

Debt costs alone are projected to jump 38 percent over the next three years combined — and 73 percent over the next five.

The governor, who proposed a 30-year, $100 billion program to rebuild Connecticut’s transportation system in February 2015, has had limited success since then securing resources for the program. Most of his time has been spent pressing for resources simply to keep the transportation program financially afloat.

Lawmakers agreed in the spring of 2015 to dedicate a portion of sales tax receipts to transportation. This was deemed the key to funding the first five years of the program, through 2020. Much of the new capital spending in the first five years is focused on planning major projects.

A gubernatorial study panel recommended several options in early 2016 to fund the final 25 years, including restoring tolls to highways, increasing gasoline taxes and boosting sales taxes. These options, which would raise an estimated $42 billion over 30 years, have not been adopted.

The I-84 viaduct near Capitol Avenue in Hartford. Tom Condon /

Keith has spent most of his 31 years as a reporter specializing in state government finances, analyzing such topics as income tax equity, waste in government and the complex funding systems behind Connecticut’s transportation and social services networks. He has been the state finances reporter at CT Mirror since it launched in 2010. Prior to joining CT Mirror Keith was State Capitol bureau chief for The Journal Inquirer of Manchester, a reporter for the Day of New London, and a former contributing writer to The New York Times. Keith is a graduate of and a former journalism instructor at the University of Connecticut.

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