Waterbury — Neil M. O’Leary, a mayor coping with his city’s legacy of deindustrialization, guided Gov. Ned Lamont through a 17-acre industrial fixer-upper with the optimistic patter of a developer. He urged the governor to look past the weeds and graffiti-tagged bricks and see potential.
Lamont peered into the dim emptiness of an abandoned 200,000 square-foot factory, a building with good bones and high ceilings that O’Leary says will save it from the demolition crews that are slowly creating clean slates from brown fields for the next act in what once was America’s Brass City.
With $3 million awarded by the administration of Lamont’s predecessor, the city has been clearing the site, once home to a metal hose company, Anamet. At least another $2 million is needed to finish. O’Leary told the governor about another abandoned factory, one reclaimed and back on the tax rolls, providing jobs.
“One of our primary partners is and has always been for the last seven and a half years the state of Connecticut,” O’Leary told Lamont after they moved on to a food-processing facility under construction nearby, soon to become a neighborhood source of jobs and food. “But we have the results to show for the work.”
Uncertain is the extent to which the Lamont administration will be a partner to Waterbury or other cities. Nine months into his tenure, the governor’s urban policy is a work-in-progress, intertwined with the administration’s still-unfolding efforts to rebuild Connecticut’s transportation infrastructure and grow its economy.
“I don’t think he has what we would classify as a formal urban agenda. That doesn’t mean that he doesn’t have one,” said Sen. Gary Winfield, D-New Haven, who says he can see the building blocks of an urban policy, even if it’s not yet articulated. “This administration is still young.”
Urban leaders like O’Leary, Hartford Mayor Luke Bronin and Danbury Mayor Mark Boughton say they are encouraged by the governor’s accessibility, his early interest in urban issues and his repeated assertion that cities are key to the economy. But the test will be seeing those sentiments turn into concrete action.
It is unclear who in the administration is responsible for urban policy. Lamont hesitated when asked to name his administration’s point person, mentioning his budget director, his chief operating officer and himself before settling on an answer outside his administration.
“I spend a lot of time talking to mayors. I spend a lot of time talking to Neil O’Leary. I spend a lot of time talking to Luke Bronin,” Lamont said. “That’s where I get my feedback. I think our point people are the mayors themselves.”
They mayors say communication has not been a problem.
“He texts frequently. He calls. He checks in,” said O’Leary, a Democrat who also is the current chair of the Connecticut Conference of Municipalities
“In that sense, he has been excellent to deal with,” said Danbury Mayor Mark Boughton, a Republican and former state legislator who sought the GOP nomination for governor in the last three election cycles. “They are feeling their way, post the first session.”
Money has not yet followed the conversations, however.
The legislature’s Finance, Revenue and Bonding Committee recommended $30 million in bonding for brownfield remediation in the fiscal year that began July 1, but governor has refused to move forward on a bond package.
Lamont wants to first resolve how much of the state’s current credit capacity will be needed to finance CT 2030, a 10-year transportation infrastructure plan he expects to propose in the next week or so. It is a follow up to Lamont’s signal failure — a proposal for a comprehensive system of highway tolls that did come to a vote in either chamber.
“That’s kind of sucked the air out of the room,” Boughton said. “What they have to do is get that sense of equilibrium with the legislative branch. They are not there yet.”
The administration recently convened a working group on transit-oriented development in Fairfield County, and Lamont signed a bill that effectively makes federally designated opportunity zones, most of which are urban, a priority for state assistance.
“We are going to need to focus our resources on these areas,” said David Lehman, the governor’s economic adviser and his commissioner of economic and community development. Lehman has been working to recast the state’s economic aid programs away from corporate grants and toward investment in infrastructure.
Lehman said he sees the administration’s urban policy taking shape through a focus on opportunity zones, transit-oriented development and brownfield remediation.
In Hartford, the quasi-public Capitol Region Development Authority has been a catalyst for an apartment building boom that has transformed long-vacant buildings into downtown housing, a key ingredient for companies that see livable cities as key to attracting millennials and younger workers. Every dollar in public money the authority has provided in low-cost financing has leveraged four or five in private capital.
Bronin said the mayors know the governor recognizes that vibrant cities are necessary to economic growth.
Last week, Lamont told a legislative panel aimed at retaining young workers that Amazon is typical of what new-economy companies are demanding.
“We want cities that are alive,” said Lamont, repeating what he heard from Amazon. “They don’t have to be big cities, but we want cities that are alive. Cities that are alive with activities on the street. Cities that are walkable. Cities that are part of a major transportation hub.”
Infosys, a tech company, has opened a regional hub in downtown Hartford to serve its customers in insurance, health and advanced manufacturing, and Stanley Black & Decker is sponsoring a downtown manufacturing “accelerator,” a program run with Techstars that mentors and helps find funding for startups from around the world.
“For the first time in a long time we are seeing some forward momentum, but we have to make sure we are not taking our foot off the gas,” said Bronin, who says the city is beginning to prove itself as a magnet for technology. “But it may be an opportunity that may be fleeting.”
Last week, Lamont visited the Anamet site as part of a tour of a census tract in Waterbury’s South End that will be a laboratory of sorts. It was chosen to participate in the Working Cities Challenge, a grant competition organized and partly funded by the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
Waterbury, Danbury, East Hartford, Hartford and Middletown each were given $450,000 grants.
In Waterbury, where the grant was more than doubled by private philanthropy, the focus is on census tract 3505. It is home to 2,439 people, more than three-quarters Hispanic and many foreign-born. Unemployment is 23%, four times the city’s jobless rate.
Victor Lopez Jr., the executive director of the Hispanic Coalition of Greater Waterbury, told Lamont that some of the Working Cities grant is being used to provide English classes in the neighborhood, to be followed by training as certified nurses’ assistants.
The 10,736 healthcare and social assistance jobs in Waterbury are triple what’s left of the manufacturing job base, which once exceeded 25,000 jobs. The biggest employers in Waterbury are the city, its two hospitals, a community college and an anti-poverty agency, New Opportunities.
Lamont was accompanied on the tour by Tamar Kotelchuck of the Boston Federal Reserve Bank and Jim Smith, the retired chief executive of Webster Bank. Smith is co-chair of the Connecticut Economic Resource Center, a non-profit engaged in a new public-private partnership with the Department of Economic and Community Development.
They stopped outside a 6,000 square-foot food-processing facility under construction on a former brownfield site. It will be home to Brass City Harvest, a non-profit that helps small farms meet inspection standards necessary to sell to grocery chains.
“The majority of people who will work here will walk here,” O’Leary said.
The project is being built with help from city, state and federal agencies.
O’Leary told Lamont that Waterbury has taken ownership of brownfield properties, a step that helps the city coordinate the cleanup and return to the market. It is an approach that has won national notice by the Environmental Protection Agency.
“You put the skin in the game, just like you did with the Boston Fed,” Lamont said.
“We are not afraid to put our skin in the game, governor,” O’Leary responded.
The city now collects annual rents of $1 million on a factory complex it redeveloped in the North End, O’Leary said.
Smith said, “One of the good things about this is there is a demonstrable return on investment. You want to know what good did the money do.”
“Don’t get me wrong — it’s a huge investment,” O’Leary said. “It takes time.”
At the governor’s side, Smith hastened to add, “But there is a return.”
It seems the only answer to vitalize cities in Connecticut is subsidization. Virtually every project whether real estate, retail or otherwise in Hartford is heavily subsidized resulting in an artificial, non market-based economy with high default and failure rates.
Instead of spending tax and/or debt dollars on placing hundreds of millions of subsidization bets, how about lowering the cost of doing business in the state through smaller government? Lower taxes?
We pay more for Eversource to deliver the electricity than the actual cost of it – adding to the already sky high cost of living and working in this state.
What would happen to cities in the unlikely event that government became smaller and cheaper?
We do know that would reduce the money available in the state, at least initially.
Would it also create sufficient incentive for people and companies now avoiding the state to locate here? They’d have to see opportunities for profit not available elsewhere. And I’m not sure the state is an opportunity waiting just for lower taxes.
You make a good point. However unless the tide of a stagnant/declining economy and increasing taxes is stopped and reversed, the subsidization funds are also going to shrink as the tax base decreases. The only way to build a solid economic foundation in cities and elsewhere is to make the private, not public, investment environment attractive in comparison with other venues.
Having government subsidize/pay for everything will not provide a lasting benefit as it completely distorts the economic fabric by incenting private investment based solely on how much public funds can be leveraged.
The only source for taxes/government revenue is the private sector; it pays for every cent of public spending.
But something is better than nothing.
If economic development requires substantial subsidy now and in the foreseeable future, then subsidy is necessary.
The problem is the lack of economic advantage from locating in the state. And the value of reduced taxes is marginal to those considerations.
As long as everyone realizes that the well of subsidies will run very low or out and all those apartments and stores are now at significant risk of default/bankruptcy.
An apartment development in Hartford just defaulted on a $25 million CRDA investment/loan. And that’s when the economy is good.
Wait till it isn’t.
excellent article. establishment of an urban policy would go a long way toward helping out cities. opportunity zones, TOD and brownfield remediation would be a great start. add to these education, health care and housing. then our cities can really move forward. Lee Erdmann
A paragraph extolling the CRDA ends with this sentence, “Every dollar in public money the authority has provided in low-cost financing has leveraged four or five in private capital.:
If that were true, and CRDA is providing 20% or less of total funding, then it wouldn’t be needed much. I’ve read there’s actually a group of government and philanthropic sources to be leveraged.
Still, the article does mention a success: A non-profit organization is developing a site for helping local small farmers meet government requirements. Small farmers are under pressure, and meeting requirements costs time and effort. They might be able to continue in business longer with this philanthropic help.
This is a good example of what can be done in CT cities. And Waterbury is also tearing down buildings and cleaning up brownfields. That’s likely an even more productive project.
This is anecdotal but what I’ve seen are subsidies of one sort or another being 80-90% of the investment. The condos, now apartments above the old Mayor Mike’s was 85% subsidized.
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