Superior Court Judge Thomas Moukawsher

A Superior Court judge on Monday questioned whether a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the governor’s emergency powers can be decided in court, since the legislature has voted to extend them and the Supreme Court has ruled that Connecticut’s emergency powers laws are constitutional.

The legal battle, originally over Gov. Ned Lamont’s requirement that children wear masks in school, is now moot, said Timothy Holzman, an attorney representing the state, since the legislature has extended the governor’s emergency powers.

“Maybe it’s no longer properly in front of me to decide or even consider that issue, because the General Assembly’s acted on the subject by renewing the powers. I don’t have to resolve that anymore,” Superior Court Judge Thomas Moukawsher said during a hearing on Monday. “I don’t know that it’s within the scope of what I should do.”

Last August, CT Freedom Alliance, with four Connecticut families as co-plaintiffs, filed a lawsuit arguing that requiring children to wear masks in school is not only a health risk but that the Department of Education violated state law by improperly implementing the regulation. The plaintiffs also argued that requiring masks violates the state constitution by impinging on the right to an education.

But after Moukawsher denied a request for an emergency injunction against the state’s requirement that children wear masks in schools, the plaintiffs shifted their argument a month later to focus on the constitutionality of the governor’s emergency powers to make it a mandate.

In March, after the state Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of Connecticut’s emergency power laws, the Senate passed a bill that extended Lamont’s pandemic authority until May 20. But last week, the legislature voted to extend those powers until July 20, adding the expansion of their oversight.

Holzman argued that the legislature’s recent decision “raises a mootness issue — it removes it from the court’s considerations.”

But a representative for the plaintiffs, Cameron Atkinson, said they don’t agree that any of the legislature’s acts extend Lamont’s emergency powers.

“In the context of an emergency, that has to stop being an emergency at some point, and these emergency powers have to go away at some point. And the legislature, having met over the course of the past nine months, the disapproval mechanism in the context of an emergency cannot stand without violating the separation of powers, especially when we’re considering proactive legislative activity done by the executive department.”

Atkinson also said if they take into consideration Lamont’s recent decision to loosen certain restrictions, such as fully vaccinated residents not having to wear masks beginning on Wednesday, that “we are no longer living in an emergency.”

Although 12- to 15-year-olds are now in the group of Connecticut residents who can get vaccinated, Lamont expects to continue implementing the mandate in schools since most kids still haven’t been vaccinated.

“I think, at a minimum, what we’re saying is let’s wear the mask in school a little bit longer,” Lamont said during a Monday press conference. “Let’s go through the end of this school year. Most of those kids aren’t vaccinated, most of them aren’t even authorized to be vaccinated. I know that makes the teachers feel a lot more comfortable as well.”

Moukawsher did not say when a ruling would be issued during the hearing on Monday.

Adria was CT Mirror's Education and Community Reporter. She grew up in Oakland, graduated from Sacramento State where she was co-news editor of the student newspaper, and worked as a part-time reporter at CalMatters. Most recently Adria interned at The Marshall Project, a national nonprofit news organization that reports on criminal justice issues. Adria was one of CT Mirror’s Report For America Corps Members.

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