Yale-New Haven Hospital Arielle Levin Becker / CTMirror.org
Bridgeport Hospital had the highest total margin in the 2018 fiscal year, according to the report released by the Office of Health Strategy.

The finances of Connecticut’s hospitals remained mostly unchanged in 2018, with slightly more hospitals turning a profit but seeing a drop in the average margin.

A majority of Connecticut’s acute care hospitals – 24 of the 28 – ended the fiscal year in the black, up from 23 the year before, according to a report released Wednesday by the state’s Office of Health Strategy.

But the average total margin – which takes into account operating revenues and non-operating revenues that include investments, endowments and donations – dropped from 7.05% in 2017 to 5.92 % last year.

“Health care costs are high and growing — we hear that every day from residents, and we see that reflected in the data,” said Victoria Veltri, executive director of OHS.

Non-operating revenue fell significantly, from $459.6 million in 2017 to $202.6 million last year – a decrease of 44%.

Altogether, hospitals took in $747.3 million more than they spent in 2018. The financial status of individual facilities varied broadly, with Bridgeport Hospital reporting the highest total margin – at 12.1% – and Middlesex Hospital reporting the lowest, at -11.4%.

Other hospitals with negative total margins were Rockville, Sharon and Milford.

“We are pleased that hospitals’ operating performance has improved and is stable,” said Michele Sharp, a spokeswoman for the Connecticut Hospital Association. “Hospitals can then invest in things like workforce development, technology, and community health. However, health systems continue to absorb costs for physician practices, which they subsidize to maintain needed access to care.”

The cost of treating uninsured and under-insured patients — relative to the other expenses that hospitals faced in 2018 — remained relatively flat.

The report found uncompensated care costs across all hospitals totaled $238.4 million in 2018, or 2% of all industry expenses. In 2017, uncompensated care costs represented 1.9% of all expenses.

But the study also found uncompensated care charges rose 14.5% in 2018.

What’s the difference between charges and uncompensated care costs? The former reflects the initial prices hospitals set for thousands of items and services they provide.

Neither the government nor most patients or insurers actually pay these full charges. Hospitals have significant discount policies that produce a lower cost.

But the growth in charges remains significant since they can influence the actual costs that are negotiated with insurance companies.

Most of the 2018 growth in uncompensated care charges, about 60%, was tied to three hospitals: Norwalk, Stamford and Saint Vincent’s Medical Center in Bridgeport.

The report, which is released annually each fall, comes as state officials are negotiating with the hospital industry to resolve a four-year old lawsuit tied to Connecticut’s provider tax.

Enacted in 2011, the levy initially was billed as a tax in name only.

In the program’s first year, the state collected $350 million from the industry — then redistributed and returned all of those funds to Connecticut hospitals along with an extra $50 million.

This back-and-forth system, which is employed in most states, enabled Connecticut to qualify for more federal Medicaid dollars. But over time, as the state’s economy was slow to recover from the last recession, the system evolved into a hefty tax on the hospital industry.

By the 2016-17 fiscal year, hospitals were paying $514 million to the state and getting a collective $78 million in return.

The Connecticut Hospital Association filed suit, charging Connecticut abused this process. Industry officials have said hospitals have been short-changed by billions of dollars.

Gov. Ned Lamont and CHA officials announced a tentative deal in late May to settle the lawsuit, but have not disclosed full details. Neither the industry nor the legislature has yet ratified a final agreement, but hospital and state officials say talks are ongoing.

Jenna is CT Mirror’s Health Reporter, focusing on health access, affordability, quality, equity and disparities, social determinants of health, health system planning, infrastructure, processes, information systems, and other health policy. Before joining CT Mirror Jenna was a reporter at The Hartford Courant for 10 years, where she consistently won statewide and regional awards. Jenna has a Master of Science degree in Interactive Media from Quinnipiac University and a Bachelor or Arts degree in Journalism from Grand Valley State University.

Keith has spent most of his 31 years as a reporter specializing in state government finances, analyzing such topics as income tax equity, waste in government and the complex funding systems behind Connecticut’s transportation and social services networks. He has been the state finances reporter at CT Mirror since it launched in 2010. Prior to joining CT Mirror Keith was State Capitol bureau chief for The Journal Inquirer of Manchester, a reporter for the Day of New London, and a former contributing writer to The New York Times. Keith is a graduate of and a former journalism instructor at the University of Connecticut.

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